VII Environment Action Program

  •   July 7th, 2014
  •   Category: Regulations
  •   Posted by: Ecodyger

What is the VII Environment Action Program?

Approved by the European Parliament and its Council and published on the EU Official Journal (L. 354 del December 28th 2013), the VII Environment Action Program defines the general scenario of European politics in the environment field until 2020. The new program “A good life within our planet’s limits” focuses on reaching an high environmental protection level, a better quality of life and a determined wellness for European and non European citizens.

Four principles and nine objectives

UE Environmental politics is based on 4 principles:

  1.  “Who pollutes pays”
  2. “precaution principle”
  3. “prevention principle”
  4. “pollution reduction at its origin”

The VII program has the main purpose to implement all the guidelines set out in the European Directive on the Management of Waste (2008/98/EC). It has been point out that several Member States haven’t made major changes in order to truly perceive the Directive.
Easy to say, Italy is among the countries less receptive, especially in terms of prevention and reuse, which are the two most important levels of the hierarchy of waste. The VII program is launching a challenge to follow, goals to be achieved, and provides a program framework for the European Environment until 2020. It also identifies nine priority objectives to be achieved:

  1. To protect, conserve and enhance the natural capital of the Union;
  2. Transform the Union into a low-carbon, resource-efficient, greener and more competitive;
  3. Protect citizens from environmental pressures and risks to the health and well-being;
  4. Maximize the benefits of EU legislation on the environment and improve their implementation;
  5. Improve the knowledge base of scientific and environmental policy of the Union;
  6. Ensure investment in support of policies on environment and climate and to take account of environmental externalities;
  7. Improve environmental integration and policy coherence;
  8. Improve the sustainability of cities in the Union;
  9. Increase the effectiveness of EU action in addressing the environmental and climate challenges at the international level;

What is the best form of recycling at source?

Surely home composting and community composting are the best forms of precaution, preventive action and recycling of potential organic waste which are then reprocessed right when they are discarded.
We like to then report that in addition to traditional forms of composting, today new technologies are born. Ecodyger is one of these technologies, designed and built to be perfectly in line with what is indicated by the hierarchy of waste: precaution, prevention and recycling.

Scrap or waste?

There is often confusion between the two terms, thinking that one is the synonym of the other, especially when we refer to wet-organic waste; however, there is a substantial difference in how the term is the object  of an articulated regulatory definition in Italy and Europe. Let’s start, however, to simplify things by talking about organic scraps. Organic scraps mean organic substances, animal or vegetal. It is’possible to classify these substances as a function of the characteristics and mode of production: vegetable scraps, manure and liquid manure, animal waste, oil and grease, kitchen, industry and commerce waste, wood in its natural state.

West is defined as any substance or object that falls into one of 16 categories set out in the Act of Legislative Decree 3 April 2006 n. 152 Annex A, and of which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard. According to this definition, the distinction between what is waste and what is not depends on the existence of two circumstances:

  1. the substance or object must fall in the list in Annex A, and
  2. that the holder intends to or must discard it

The absence of either factor alone is sufficient to rule out the possibility of a waste. However, the list of categories recalled by the law is very brief and generic. The law states “Any materials, substances or products which are not in the above categories”, meaning that anything can be part of the list. In other words, the distinction between what is waste and what is not is all linked to the concept of “discard”

Are hamburgers made of scraps or waste?

The legislation contains a criterion which is not totally univocal, where there may be “border areas”. Think of a butcher: the butcher prepares the burgers by including the “scraps” by cutting other meat parts, grinding them and then press them again to get a food. In this case it has to do with the residues and scraps which are reused as raw materials in other production processes. It is not clear if the butcher has made the burgers with the scraps or waste. We leave the interpretation to the law, which may lead to future amendments to the legislation itself, if there are interpretive disputes that will lead to new rulings.