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The 4 Golden Rules of Composting

  •   October 20th, 2014
  •   Category: News, Composting
  •   Posted by: Ecodyger

We have told the motivations, benefits and methods of recycling organic waste to give back to the soil the substances it needs to continue offering us a living. Here are the fundamental composting rules. We like to call them composting golden rules.

1) Choose the right place

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Composter (see article) or pile (see article) must be placed in a shadowed area during summer: ideally under a tree that during winter lose their leaves, so that during summer sun will not dry the material, while during winter the warm sun rays speed up the biologic reactions. 

2) The perfect mix

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Organic waste must be mixed so that provide in a balanced way the necessary elements to microbiotic activity, in order to reach the optimal humidity and ensure the necessary porosity to a sufficient air exchange. An easy way to make sure a good balance is maintain is to always mix wetter scraps with drier scraps.

3) Ensure the necessary oxygen

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To ensure oxygenation, don’t press the material, but exploit its porosity that allows the spontaneous Exchange of air rich in oxygen that takes the place of exhausted air (in which oxygen is consumed); turn periodically the material so that the Exchange is easier. Less porosity (so when materials such as wood, straw , dry leaves, torn cardboard are missing) more turnings will be necessary and vice versa.

4 Check porosity and humidity balance

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Porosity permits air exchange in the composting material. The right humidity is obtained with a balanced mix of scraps and ensuring draining. It is useful to put at the base of the pile a layer of 10/15 cm made of wood material to avoid water stagnation. During dry periods, it can be necessary to water the pile.

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