France is virtuous at Waste Management

  •   March 16th, 2015
  •   Category: Regulations
  •   Posted by: Ecodyger

Each Country member of the European Union writes its own laws not independently, but with the obligation to follow and implement within a given time all guidelines established by the Community itself through a legislative instrument called the European Directive. The European Directive on Waste Management is the 2008/98 / EC; for insights refer to our previous article (link).

The actual European situation is very easy and underwhelming as poor actions were taken to favor the most important interpretation levels in the Waste Hierarchy: prevention and reduction at source and preparation to reuse and recycle.

While in Italy and in most of the member countries, the effective application of the legislation guidelines of the European Directive and its Waste hierarchy si continued to be delayed, our French friends prove to be once again much more concrete and decisive.

Heedless of lobby interests related to the business of the collection and management of waste, the French Government, unlike almost all country members , gave a clear answer to the concept of well-established guidelines of Directive 2008/98: ” the polluter pays “.

France, for years, is presented as one of the most sensitive and active Country  in environmental matters and in this case with a special attention to the management and sustainable treatment of waste. It is interesting to see how the European Directive was implemented in this area.

We can say that the French have perfectly interpreted the waste hierarchy according to which the maximum level of attention is represented by a real reduction and prevention of waste at source.

“Grenelle II”, the French reply

Grenelle, not an invented name, but rather the name of a small village within the great Paris in 1860, has now become one of the symbols of the great metropolis.

Grinelle II_01

Today, for the French, Grenelle is most of all the name which includes all the National directives for the protection of the environment.

In 2007 it was voted a first – Law Framework,, Grenelle I; followed in 2008 by the Law ” Grenelle II ” which has detailed rules for the application of the Grenelle I for goal and field.

Within Grenelle II , a large part of the provisions concern the treatment and management of waste with a focus on organic waste . First, it makes clear that all biodegradable waste generated by the restaurant business, whether of preparation and/or  distribution, are to be called “fermentable”.

According Grenelle II , from 2012 the ” big producers ” of fermentable waste must implement a selection at source and biological recover or, when it is performed by a third party, the recycling of these wastes.

These provisions of Article 204 of the Law Grenelle II, were then integrated in art. 26 of the Decree #2011-828 of 11 July 2011:

  • “They are considered predominantly composed of bio – waste, waste in which the mass of bio – waste accounts for over 50 % of the mass of waste in question, after excluding packaging waste.”
  • “They are considered as producers or holders of a significant amount of bio – waste people who produce or hold waste of food oil or other bio – waste in excess of the thresholds set by the Minister of Environment for these two categories of waste , with the exception of waste treatment facilities and families . “

What are these thresholds?

From January 1st 2012, were involved all the companies that produced more than 120 ton per year ; from January 1st 2015 the minimum threshold has been lowered significantly by involving all the structures that produce more than 20 tons/year and in 2016, the threshold will be further lowered to 10 tons / year . Translated into more understandable figures, let’s talk about 40Kg / day based on a 250 working days.

In this way , taking care of organic waste and its recovery has become mandatory for most cooking centers, restaurants, hotels, canteens and more generally of all businesses that produce food waste .

What is most interesting , clear and concrete thing of Grenelle II is that violators are subject to fines of up to € 75,000 and above up to two years imprisonment.

What consequences?

As a positive consequence of this is the research is the great attention of all these operators to find viable and effective technology solutions to independently manage waste and biodegradable products directly at the source or within their facilities.

Another positive consequence of Grenelle II is in tenders of French Public Administration (hospitals, cooking schools, universities and community). Here the preferred options are those that offer a rational treatment and ecological. Regarding this point, we find a perfect interpretation of the concept of Green Public Procurement (link to our article here).

It is also interesting to note that even the French General Tax Code provides for (art. 1520 et seq.) the possibility of leaving the municipalities the right to remove or lessen the waste tax (“REOM”), for those who use a technology/machine for waste treatment according to the rules set by the municipality.

An example to follow by all UE countries

We can affirm that France is advanced in the correct interpretation of UE Directive in terms of sustainable treatment of fermentable waste.

A true example for other member countries that are delaying the most the introduction of concrete incentive forms to reduce organic waste directly at the source, so where they are generated.

All this translates into less waste, less collection activity, less transport and less deliver at organic waste collection center, be them landfills, incinerators, composting plants, biogas production plants, etc.

Only this way there will be a drastic reduction of CO2 emissions, the one and only action that will help the environment.

Start the differentiated collection was the first step, but it is clear that wet waste must be treated in a more serious and drastic way; it must not be, as much as possible, collected, transported and delivered. A serious and diligent prevention and drastic reduction at the source must be done. For us, this means Zero Waste approach.

We are here and we hope to soon update our blog with new examples of European countries that decide to concretely apply the European Directive, giving incentive to the true prevention and waste reduction at the source.

The Ecodyger solution

In this case, ECODYGER technology represents without a doubt the ideal solution. We are assisting to an ever growing request and we can say with satisfaction that a spontaneous demand by French operators has been created. The installations made in different hospitals and educational centers in Paris and French Riviera area are proves of this, nevertheless those in other Regions and Provinces.

PS: You can order an Ecodyger via our French Distributors:

  • JMO DISTRIBUTION – Immeuble Panama – Parc Tertiaire SILIC – 45 rue de Villeneuve – 94573 RUNGIS – Tel 0033 760200505 – 0033 141735441
  • DESITAL DEVELOPPEMENTS   – 8 Boulevard Alexandre III, 06400 CANNES (F) – Tel 0033 966920101