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6 Recipes for Compost Use

  •   November 3rd, 2014
  •   Category: News
  •   Posted by: Ecodyger

Before starting, it is important to clarify what is compost. For this, it is important to define the point of view.

Fundamentally, there are two point of views: compost for agronomy and compost for the law.

Compost for Agronomy

It is an organic fertilizer, biologically stable, with nutrients and rich in humic substances ( natural substances which are formed as a result of microbial biodegradation of organic vegetal or animal matter) of defined size , hygienically safe , free from viable seeds of weeds.

Compost for the law

  • It is a soil improver (Decree 75/2010 – Att 2)
    • ACM Mixed compost soil improver
    • ACV composted peat soil improver
    • ATC peat compost soil improver
  • Component for Growing Cultivation (ACM e ACV- Att.4 D. 75/2010)
  • Matrix for Organ Mineral Fertilizers (ACV – Att.5 D. 75/2010)

Below is the table of the limits set out in attachment 2 of the said Decree. 75/2010 in order to define a soil conditioner from a regulatory perspective.

tabella compost legge

How and when to use domestic Compost

Here to offer you a short general guide on how and when to use the compost domestic produced with such dedication and passion.

Construction of gardens (flower beds, embankments, etc.)

compost giardino

Compost can be used for fertilization called ” bottom ” ( pre-seeding ) in addition to the land taken generally on the outside , which normally is very poor in organic matter and therefore not very fertile.

Compost type: ready to use compost

Doses and tips : add compost in large quantities ( 10-15 kg / m : ie a wheelbarrow every 2 square feet ) mixing well with digging or hoeing in the first 20 cm of soil ; no need for a boost screening , although it may facilitate the amalgamation compost / soil ; integrated compost may be used to have a greater effect fertilizing

Maintenance of turf: for reseeding and thickening of degraded grassland

comost tappeti erbosi

Type of compost : mature compost and well refined ( sieved to 10 mm)

Doses and tips : distribute the compost in a thin layer ( 0.5 cm ) and homogeneously on the entire surface to reseed , possibly mixing with sand or earth ; then sow.

Horticulture in the open

compost orto

Type of compost : ready to use compost or cool compost depending on the interval between application and sowing or transplanting cultivation.

Doses and tips: 2-3 kg / sq m of compost, preferably “integrated”, not necessarily refined; incorporate the compost into the soil in the autumn-winter period ( fresh compost ) or spring (ready compost); it is buried digging or with additional processing ( hoeing ) between one crop cycle and another; if the year more crop cycles are forecasted, compost is distributed always before sowing or transplanting burying at least in the first 10-15 cm of soil ; in this case ready to use compost must be used , for the short interval between scheduled application of compost and plant cultivation. Since 2/3 kg corresponds to approximately 5 liters, a wheelbarrow (capacity 50/60 liters) is suitable for the fertilization of about 10 square meters of soil.

Trees or shrubs plantation

SAMSUNG DIGITAL CAMERA

Ideal to avoid compacting on the bottom of the hole and provide a portion of the nutrients necessary for the growth of the plant.

Compost type: ready to use compost or mature.

Doses and tips : 5/10 cm of compost on the bottom of the hole are sufficient; it is a very sensitive practice if the plant has to be planted with bare roots; in this case, better use mature compost and for rapid vegetative growth , make sure that the compost covers the root system ; in case of plants with plate , thrust maturation of the compost may not be required.

Flower farming in container (pot, planter)

Watering Sweatpea Seedlings

In partial or total replacement of peat soils, of which the importation from abroad is a strong worsening of the balance of payments.

Type of compost : mature compost and well refined ( sieved to 10 mm. )

Doses and tips: applications of compost in this context should be variable depending on the type of crop plants ; overall it can be said that the mixture of peat or peat soil with refined compost in equal proportions by volume ( 50 % + 50 % ), with the only exception for acidophilic plants (eg. rhododendron, azaleas) that require a high percentage of blondes peats as these provide the acidic conditions they like. Because direct contact with the roots of the plants is essential to the application of mature compost; if this instruction is not followed, it can cause problems because of the residual toxicity of the compost to the imperfect stabilization of organic matter ; with timeĀ  you can also gradually use higher doses of compost, up to 90 and even 100% , with the only requirement of a good maturity and refinement.

Mulching

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Mulching is a practice of surface coverage of a cultivated soil to prevent the growth of weeds , to maintain relatively high soil temperature in the winter months and to decrease the evaporation of water in the summer months.
The residues from the refining of compost ( “non-reusable fractions”, ie the relatively coarse wood materials uncomposted that do not pass through the mesh of the sieve ) can be used as a mulch , replacing for example the bark of conifers normally employed. The amount must be such as to allow a stratification of coverage of 3-5 cm ( 30-50 liters / sq m ). It is typically used on a row crop ( vegetable or fruit ) or at the foot of ornamental shrubs or small trees just planted , to avoid competition with weeds.

compost uses